The Rhine is a key resource for drinking water supply. The waterworks on the Rhine river use the bank filtrate to supply approx. 30 million people with drinking water. Both the chemical and hygienic microbiological water quality is monitored on a regular basis.
Evaluation of the IAWR microbiological measurement programme
Since June 1997, a measurement programme devised by the IAWR biologist group was undertaken to determine the hygienic water quality in the Rhine catchment area. Many member companies of the AWBR (Association of Waterworks – Lake Constance/Rhine), ARW (Association of Rhine Waterworks) and RIWA (Association of River Water Companies) took part in the measurement programme. In addition, TZW and the State Institute for Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) are also carrying out investigations at measurement points on the Rhine in the AWBR region. The investigations include the determination of the microbiological parameters E. coli, coliform bacteria, enterococci, Clostridium perfringens, somatic coliphages and colony counts and are performed locally every four weeks on random samples by the various member companies or their contracted laboratories.
The data is regularly evaluated.
Hambsch, B., Böckle, K.: Bericht zum mikrobiologischen Messprogramm der AWBR, ARW und RIWA 1997-1999 [Report on the microbiological measurement programme of the AWBR, ARW and RIWA 1997-1999]. IAWR Rapporte 1 (2001)
Böckle, K., Hambsch, B.: Ergebnisse des mikrobiologischen Messprogramms von ARW und AWBR in den Jahren 2000 bis 2003 [Results of the microbiological measurement programme of ARW and AWBR in 2000 to 2003]. ARW annual report, 60:45-70 (2004)
Hügler, M., Hambsch, B.: Auswertung der mikrobiologischen Untersuchungen an Rhein und Donau [Evaluation of the microbiological testing on the Rhine and Danube]. IAWD annual report 2009/2010, p. 52-61 (2011)
Hambsch, B., Hügler, M.: Mikrobiologisches Messprogramm der IAWR 2009 bis 2013 [Microbiological measurement programme of the IAWR 2009 to 2013]. ARW annual report 2014, 71:115-126 (2015)